Copying Editing: Editing for grammar, usage, spelling, punctuation, and other mechanics of style; checking for consistency of mechanics and for internal consistency of facts; checking approximate placement of art; editing tables, figures, and lists.

Does not include the following unless requested in advance:

  • Americanization

  • standardization of weights and measures

  • verifying translations or accuracy of non-English words


Does not include the following unless contracted in advance

  • providing or changing system of citations

  • editing index

  • writing captions or credit lines

  • writing running heads



Proofreading: Checking written material for minor, mechanical errors in copy (such as spelling mistakes or typographical errors).

Does not include the following unless contracted in advance:


  • incorporating Author's alterations

  • checking page breaks

  • flagging or checking location of art

  • inserting or checking page numbers to content and page references.

Updated August, 2019

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